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  20200117 ,>>【www11194com】>>,PresidentXiJinpinghasencouragedChina'sauditofficestoassumetheirdutiesacrosstheboard,carryoutauditsinaccordancewiththelawandrefinetheirinstitutionsandmechanisms.XimadetheremarkinaninstructiontooutstandingauditingunitsandworkerscommendedrecentlybythreePartyandStatedepartments.Xiisheadofthecentralauditingcommittee,anorganformedintheinstitutionalreformofPartyandStatebodiesinMarch2018.Auditoffices,undertheunifiedleadershipoftheCPCCentralCommittee,mustadapttonewdemandsintheneweraandfocuscloselyontheoverallworkofthePartyandtheStateincomprehensivelyassumingtheirduties,Xisaidintheinstruction.HeurgedthemtomakegreatercontributionstothemodernizationofChina'sgovernancesystemanditscapacityforgovernance.HealsocommendedauditofficesforfullyimplementingthedecisionsandplansoftheCPCCentralCommittee,carryingouttheirdutiesinlinewiththelawandconductingtheirworkinaconcreteanddiligentmanner.TheyhaveplayedimportantrolesinensuringthatthedecisionsmadebytheCPCcanbethoroughlycarriedout,helpingtowinthethreecriticalbattlesagainstpotentialrisks,povertyandpollution,andsafeguardingtheorderoffinancialandeconomicaffairs,hesaid.Healsopraisedthemforhelpingtosafeguardandimprovepeople'slivelihoodsandpromotecleangovernance.Themodelworkersandunitswerecommendedrecentlybytheofficeofthecentralauditingcommittee,theMinistryofHumanResourcesandSocialSecurityandtheNationalAuditOffice.PremierLiKeqiangandZhaoLeji,secretaryoftheCentralCommissionforDisciplineInspection,thecountry'stopanti-graftwatchdog,metwithrepresentativesoftheunitsandworkersinBeijingonThursday.LiandZhaoarebothdeputydirectorsofthecentralauditingcommittee.ChinesePremierLiKeqiangandSecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)CentralCommissionforDisciplineInspectionZhaoLeji,bothmembersoftheStandingCommitteeofthePoliticalBureauoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandviceheadsofthecentralauditingcommittee,meetwithrepresentativesofoutstandingunitsandindividualsofthecountry'sauditingorgansinBeijing,capitalofChina,Jan.2,2020.(Xinhua/YaoDawei)

   PeoplerelaxontheembankmentofariverinMentougoudistrict,Beijing.(ChinaDaily/GaoZhenfa)CPCCentralCommitteesessionlaysoutguidelinesfornavigatingfutureChinawillcontinueonitspathofsustainabledevelopmentbyemphasizingecologicalcultivationtopromoteharmoniouscoexistencebetweenhumansandnature,arecentlyapprovedPartydocumentsaid.InlateOctober,theFourthPlenarySessionofthe19thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaapproveddecisionsupholdingandimprovingsocialismwithChinesecharacteristicsandadvancingthenationalgovernancesystemandgovernancecapacity.Thedecisionsincludedexercisingthestrictestpossibleenvironmentallyrelatedrestraintsandstrengtheningthesystemofaccountability.Theyemphasizedthatthecountrywillstronglysupportthemaximthatlucidwatersandlushmountainsareinvaluableassets."Weshouldpromotehighlyefficientutilizationofresources,improveinstitutionsforecologicalrestorationandconservation,andstrengthentheaccountabilitysystem,"thedocumentsaid.Italsolistedseveralmajortypesofworkthatneedtobestrengthened.Oneistospeedupthecreationofaspatialplanningsystemfornationalterritoryandmapoutareasundertheprincipleofthree"redlines"-ecologicalprotectionareas,permanentfarmlandandurbanboundaries."Thespatialplanningsystemplaysanimportantroleinthecountry'smanagementsystemandwillbecrucialinpromotingtheefficient,fairandhigh-qualityuseoftheterritory,"saidZhangBing,deputydirectoroftheNationalTerritorialSpatialPlanningBureauoftheMinistryofNaturalResources."Thecoreprincipleofthethreeredlinesismakingprotectionapriority,"saidZhang,whoalsoemphasizedthatdevelopmentshouldgivewaytoecologicalconcerns.SunXuedong,deputydirectorofthebureau,saidtheecologicalredlineswillguaranteethattheroleoftheecosystemwillfullyfunctionandareascurrentlyunderprotectionwillremainsoafterredlineadjustments.Hesaid,forexample,thatthepermanentfarmlanddesignationwillbemadeinlightofreasonablelong-termconcernsaboutscaletoguaranteethequalityoffarmlandismaintainedatahighlevel."Ofthethreeredlines,urbanboundarieswillbethemostchallenging,"Sunsaid."Giventheuncertaintiesofthefuture,thelinesshouldbedrawnwithdeepconsiderationforacity'seconomic,socialandculturaldevelopmentinthelong-term.Also,itshouldbepracticalformostregionsofthecountry,whichiseventougher."Zhangsaidthethreeredlineswillnotoverlaporconflict.Andtheywillbepartofanewnationalspatialdatasystem,understrictmanagementandsupervision.Anothermajortasklistedintheplenarysessiondecisionisbuildingamechanismforecosystemprotectionandrecovery.Underthedecision,thecountrywillstrengthenthesustainableuseandprotectionoftheecosystemandbuildasystemofnaturereserves,withnationalparksasamajorcomponent.Also,thedecisionurgedthepromotionofamassivegreeningprojectnationwideandstrengtheningthecontrolandmanagementofdensification-allaimedatprotectingthebiodiversityandecologicalsafetyofthecountry."Asamajorcomponentofthecountry'saimtobuildnaturereserves,theconstructionofnationalparkswillbeatoppriorityinourfuturework,"saidZhangJianlong,headoftheNationalForestryandGrasslandAdministration."Thedecisionsgavespecificguidelinesoncomprehensivelydeepeningreformwithrespecttonaturereserves.TheyaresupportiveofChina'soverallecologicalprotectionworkandwilllayafoundationforoureconomic,aswellassocial,sustainabledevelopment,"hesaid.Overthepastyear,theadministrationhasmadeinspectionsandevaluationsofChina's10pilotnationalparks,whichcovermorethan220,000squarekilometers.TheadministrationurgedthemanagementcommitteefortheparkstosolvesomeexistingproblemsbeforeJune,Zhangsaid.Asthepilotparksreachtheendoftrialsnextyear,theadministrationwillreevaluateallapplicationsandofficiallygrantparkstatustothosethatmeetthestandards.郭文彬摄  2020年,中国将实现北斗导航、探月三期等重大工程收官,完成火星探测等重大任务发射,长征五号B、长征七号甲、长征八号三型运载火箭有望首飞。

 

  PeoplerelaxontheembankmentofariverinMentougoudistrict,Beijing.(ChinaDaily/GaoZhenfa)CPCCentralCommitteesessionlaysoutguidelinesfornavigatingfutureChinawillcontinueonitspathofsustainabledevelopmentbyemphasizingecologicalcultivationtopromoteharmoniouscoexistencebetweenhumansandnature,arecentlyapprovedPartydocumentsaid.InlateOctober,theFourthPlenarySessionofthe19thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaapproveddecisionsupholdingandimprovingsocialismwithChinesecharacteristicsandadvancingthenationalgovernancesystemandgovernancecapacity.Thedecisionsincludedexercisingthestrictestpossibleenvironmentallyrelatedrestraintsandstrengtheningthesystemofaccountability.Theyemphasizedthatthecountrywillstronglysupportthemaximthatlucidwatersandlushmountainsareinvaluableassets."Weshouldpromotehighlyefficientutilizationofresources,improveinstitutionsforecologicalrestorationandconservation,andstrengthentheaccountabilitysystem,"thedocumentsaid.Italsolistedseveralmajortypesofworkthatneedtobestrengthened.Oneistospeedupthecreationofaspatialplanningsystemfornationalterritoryandmapoutareasundertheprincipleofthree"redlines"-ecologicalprotectionareas,permanentfarmlandandurbanboundaries."Thespatialplanningsystemplaysanimportantroleinthecountry'smanagementsystemandwillbecrucialinpromotingtheefficient,fairandhigh-qualityuseoftheterritory,"saidZhangBing,deputydirectoroftheNationalTerritorialSpatialPlanningBureauoftheMinistryofNaturalResources."Thecoreprincipleofthethreeredlinesismakingprotectionapriority,"saidZhang,whoalsoemphasizedthatdevelopmentshouldgivewaytoecologicalconcerns.SunXuedong,deputydirectorofthebureau,saidtheecologicalredlineswillguaranteethattheroleoftheecosystemwillfullyfunctionandareascurrentlyunderprotectionwillremainsoafterredlineadjustments.Hesaid,forexample,thatthepermanentfarmlanddesignationwillbemadeinlightofreasonablelong-termconcernsaboutscaletoguaranteethequalityoffarmlandismaintainedatahighlevel."Ofthethreeredlines,urbanboundarieswillbethemostchallenging,"Sunsaid."Giventheuncertaintiesofthefuture,thelinesshouldbedrawnwithdeepconsiderationforacity'seconomic,socialandculturaldevelopmentinthelong-term.Also,itshouldbepracticalformostregionsofthecountry,whichiseventougher."Zhangsaidthethreeredlineswillnotoverlaporconflict.Andtheywillbepartofanewnationalspatialdatasystem,understrictmanagementandsupervision.Anothermajortasklistedintheplenarysessiondecisionisbuildingamechanismforecosystemprotectionandrecovery.Underthedecision,thecountrywillstrengthenthesustainableuseandprotectionoftheecosystemandbuildasystemofnaturereserves,withnationalparksasamajorcomponent.Also,thedecisionurgedthepromotionofamassivegreeningprojectnationwideandstrengtheningthecontrolandmanagementofdensification-allaimedatprotectingthebiodiversityandecologicalsafetyofthecountry."Asamajorcomponentofthecountry'saimtobuildnaturereserves,theconstructionofnationalparkswillbeatoppriorityinourfuturework,"saidZhangJianlong,headoftheNationalForestryandGrasslandAdministration."Thedecisionsgavespecificguidelinesoncomprehensivelydeepeningreformwithrespecttonaturereserves.TheyaresupportiveofChina'soverallecologicalprotectionworkandwilllayafoundationforoureconomic,aswellassocial,sustainabledevelopment,"hesaid.Overthepastyear,theadministrationhasmadeinspectionsandevaluationsofChina's10pilotnationalparks,whichcovermorethan220,000squarekilometers.TheadministrationurgedthemanagementcommitteefortheparkstosolvesomeexistingproblemsbeforeJune,Zhangsaid.Asthepilotparksreachtheendoftrialsnextyear,theadministrationwillreevaluateallapplicationsandofficiallygrantparkstatustothosethatmeetthestandards.PresidentXiJinpinghasencouragedChina'sauditofficestoassumetheirdutiesacrosstheboard,carryoutauditsinaccordancewiththelawandrefinetheirinstitutionsandmechanisms.XimadetheremarkinaninstructiontooutstandingauditingunitsandworkerscommendedrecentlybythreePartyandStatedepartments.Xiisheadofthecentralauditingcommittee,anorganformedintheinstitutionalreformofPartyandStatebodiesinMarch2018.Auditoffices,undertheunifiedleadershipoftheCPCCentralCommittee,mustadapttonewdemandsintheneweraandfocuscloselyontheoverallworkofthePartyandtheStateincomprehensivelyassumingtheirduties,Xisaidintheinstruction.HeurgedthemtomakegreatercontributionstothemodernizationofChina'sgovernancesystemanditscapacityforgovernance.HealsocommendedauditofficesforfullyimplementingthedecisionsandplansoftheCPCCentralCommittee,carryingouttheirdutiesinlinewiththelawandconductingtheirworkinaconcreteanddiligentmanner.TheyhaveplayedimportantrolesinensuringthatthedecisionsmadebytheCPCcanbethoroughlycarriedout,helpingtowinthethreecriticalbattlesagainstpotentialrisks,povertyandpollution,andsafeguardingtheorderoffinancialandeconomicaffairs,hesaid.Healsopraisedthemforhelpingtosafeguardandimprovepeople'slivelihoodsandpromotecleangovernance.Themodelworkersandunitswerecommendedrecentlybytheofficeofthecentralauditingcommittee,theMinistryofHumanResourcesandSocialSecurityandtheNationalAuditOffice.PremierLiKeqiangandZhaoLeji,secretaryoftheCentralCommissionforDisciplineInspection,thecountry'stopanti-graftwatchdog,metwithrepresentativesoftheunitsandworkersinBeijingonThursday.LiandZhaoarebothdeputydirectorsofthecentralauditingcommittee.ChinesePremierLiKeqiangandSecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)CentralCommissionforDisciplineInspectionZhaoLeji,bothmembersoftheStandingCommitteeofthePoliticalBureauoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandviceheadsofthecentralauditingcommittee,meetwithrepresentativesofoutstandingunitsandindividualsofthecountry'sauditingorgansinBeijing,capitalofChina,Jan.2,2020.(Xinhua/YaoDawei)

 

  <<|www11194com|>>PeoplerelaxontheembankmentofariverinMentougoudistrict,Beijing.(ChinaDaily/GaoZhenfa)CPCCentralCommitteesessionlaysoutguidelinesfornavigatingfutureChinawillcontinueonitspathofsustainabledevelopmentbyemphasizingecologicalcultivationtopromoteharmoniouscoexistencebetweenhumansandnature,arecentlyapprovedPartydocumentsaid.InlateOctober,theFourthPlenarySessionofthe19thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaapproveddecisionsupholdingandimprovingsocialismwithChinesecharacteristicsandadvancingthenationalgovernancesystemandgovernancecapacity.Thedecisionsincludedexercisingthestrictestpossibleenvironmentallyrelatedrestraintsandstrengtheningthesystemofaccountability.Theyemphasizedthatthecountrywillstronglysupportthemaximthatlucidwatersandlushmountainsareinvaluableassets."Weshouldpromotehighlyefficientutilizationofresources,improveinstitutionsforecologicalrestorationandconservation,andstrengthentheaccountabilitysystem,"thedocumentsaid.Italsolistedseveralmajortypesofworkthatneedtobestrengthened.Oneistospeedupthecreationofaspatialplanningsystemfornationalterritoryandmapoutareasundertheprincipleofthree"redlines"-ecologicalprotectionareas,permanentfarmlandandurbanboundaries."Thespatialplanningsystemplaysanimportantroleinthecountry'smanagementsystemandwillbecrucialinpromotingtheefficient,fairandhigh-qualityuseoftheterritory,"saidZhangBing,deputydirectoroftheNationalTerritorialSpatialPlanningBureauoftheMinistryofNaturalResources."Thecoreprincipleofthethreeredlinesismakingprotectionapriority,"saidZhang,whoalsoemphasizedthatdevelopmentshouldgivewaytoecologicalconcerns.SunXuedong,deputydirectorofthebureau,saidtheecologicalredlineswillguaranteethattheroleoftheecosystemwillfullyfunctionandareascurrentlyunderprotectionwillremainsoafterredlineadjustments.Hesaid,forexample,thatthepermanentfarmlanddesignationwillbemadeinlightofreasonablelong-termconcernsaboutscaletoguaranteethequalityoffarmlandismaintainedatahighlevel."Ofthethreeredlines,urbanboundarieswillbethemostchallenging,"Sunsaid."Giventheuncertaintiesofthefuture,thelinesshouldbedrawnwithdeepconsiderationforacity'seconomic,socialandculturaldevelopmentinthelong-term.Also,itshouldbepracticalformostregionsofthecountry,whichiseventougher."Zhangsaidthethreeredlineswillnotoverlaporconflict.Andtheywillbepartofanewnationalspatialdatasystem,understrictmanagementandsupervision.Anothermajortasklistedintheplenarysessiondecisionisbuildingamechanismforecosystemprotectionandrecovery.Underthedecision,thecountrywillstrengthenthesustainableuseandprotectionoftheecosystemandbuildasystemofnaturereserves,withnationalparksasamajorcomponent.Also,thedecisionurgedthepromotionofamassivegreeningprojectnationwideandstrengtheningthecontrolandmanagementofdensification-allaimedatprotectingthebiodiversityandecologicalsafetyofthecountry."Asamajorcomponentofthecountry'saimtobuildnaturereserves,theconstructionofnationalparkswillbeatoppriorityinourfuturework,"saidZhangJianlong,headoftheNationalForestryandGrasslandAdministration."Thedecisionsgavespecificguidelinesoncomprehensivelydeepeningreformwithrespecttonaturereserves.TheyaresupportiveofChina'soverallecologicalprotectionworkandwilllayafoundationforoureconomic,aswellassocial,sustainabledevelopment,"hesaid.Overthepastyear,theadministrationhasmadeinspectionsandevaluationsofChina's10pilotnationalparks,whichcovermorethan220,000squarekilometers.TheadministrationurgedthemanagementcommitteefortheparkstosolvesomeexistingproblemsbeforeJune,Zhangsaid.Asthepilotparksreachtheendoftrialsnextyear,theadministrationwillreevaluateallapplicationsandofficiallygrantparkstatustothosethatmeetthestandards.

   PresidentXiJinpinghasencouragedChina'sauditofficestoassumetheirdutiesacrosstheboard,carryoutauditsinaccordancewiththelawandrefinetheirinstitutionsandmechanisms.XimadetheremarkinaninstructiontooutstandingauditingunitsandworkerscommendedrecentlybythreePartyandStatedepartments.Xiisheadofthecentralauditingcommittee,anorganformedintheinstitutionalreformofPartyandStatebodiesinMarch2018.Auditoffices,undertheunifiedleadershipoftheCPCCentralCommittee,mustadapttonewdemandsintheneweraandfocuscloselyontheoverallworkofthePartyandtheStateincomprehensivelyassumingtheirduties,Xisaidintheinstruction.HeurgedthemtomakegreatercontributionstothemodernizationofChina'sgovernancesystemanditscapacityforgovernance.HealsocommendedauditofficesforfullyimplementingthedecisionsandplansoftheCPCCentralCommittee,carryingouttheirdutiesinlinewiththelawandconductingtheirworkinaconcreteanddiligentmanner.TheyhaveplayedimportantrolesinensuringthatthedecisionsmadebytheCPCcanbethoroughlycarriedout,helpingtowinthethreecriticalbattlesagainstpotentialrisks,povertyandpollution,andsafeguardingtheorderoffinancialandeconomicaffairs,hesaid.Healsopraisedthemforhelpingtosafeguardandimprovepeople'slivelihoodsandpromotecleangovernance.Themodelworkersandunitswerecommendedrecentlybytheofficeofthecentralauditingcommittee,theMinistryofHumanResourcesandSocialSecurityandtheNationalAuditOffice.PremierLiKeqiangandZhaoLeji,secretaryoftheCentralCommissionforDisciplineInspection,thecountry'stopanti-graftwatchdog,metwithrepresentativesoftheunitsandworkersinBeijingonThursday.LiandZhaoarebothdeputydirectorsofthecentralauditingcommittee.ChinesePremierLiKeqiangandSecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)CentralCommissionforDisciplineInspectionZhaoLeji,bothmembersoftheStandingCommitteeofthePoliticalBureauoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandviceheadsofthecentralauditingcommittee,meetwithrepresentativesofoutstandingunitsandindividualsofthecountry'sauditingorgansinBeijing,capitalofChina,Jan.2,2020.(Xinhua/YaoDawei)PhototakenonMarch13,2018showstheheadquartersofthePeople'sBankofChinainBeijing,capitalofChina.(Xinhua/CaiYang)Initslatestmovetocutthereserverequirements,China'scentralbankhassteppedupeffortstospurtherealeconomyandlowersocialfinancingcosts.ThePeople'sBankofChina(PBOC)announcedonWednesdaytocutthereserverequirementratio(RRR)forfinancialinstitutionsorthelevelofcashthatlendersmustholdasreservesby50basispointsstartingfromJan.6.ThemovewasexpectedtooffsettheliquidityshortageaheadoftheSpringFestival,orChineseLunarNewYear,tokeepoverallliquidityinthebankingsystembasicallystable,anofficialfromthePBOCsaid.Referringtothereductionaspartofthecountry'scounter-cyclicaladjustments,theofficialstressedthatthestanceofprudentmonetarypolicyhasremainedintactandexcludedthepossibilityof"flood-style"stimulus.Theannouncement,"notabigsurprisetomanyonthemarket,"wasmeanttoeasetheliquiditystrainsresultedfromthematuringreversereposandtargetedmedium-termlendingfacilityinJanuary,aswellashighercashdemandaheadoftheholiday,SwissbankinggiantUBSsaidinaresearchnote.ItwasalsoconducivetothescheduledissuanceofspeciallocalgovernmentbondsinJanuaryandFebruary,saidtheUBS.AccordingtothePBOC,theblanketRRRcutwillreleaseabout800billionyuan(around114.6billionU.S.dollars)oflong-termfunds,injectingliquidityandloweringfinancingcostsfortherealeconomy.Withmorethan120billionyuaninlong-termfundstobeunlockedforsmallandmedium-sizedlenders,thecentralbankhasurgedfinancialinstitutionstoincreasesupportforsmall,microandprivatebusinesses.Lastweek,ChinesePremierLiKeqiangpromisedtograntstrongersupporttosmallandmedium-sizedbanksdeliveringdirectservicestosmallandmicro-enterprisesduringaninspectiontourinChengdu,capitalcityofthesouthwesternprovinceofSichuan,sayingthatresearchintotheuseofmultipletoolsincludingtheRRRwillbecarriedout.Thecutalsoechoedthecentralbank'spledgemadeWednesdaymorningduringameetingwhereitvowedtoadvancefinancialsupply-sidestructuralreformforhigh-qualitydevelopmentandguidefinancialinstitutionstostepuploanstotherealeconomy.Whileacknowledgingthepositiveeffectsofthecutonmarketsentiment,AsianfinancialservicegroupNomuraexpectedmoreliquiditytobeunleashedinthefutureasthemovemightnotbesufficienttofillintheliquidityshortageinJanuary.UBSalsoanticipatedanotherRRRcutovertherestof2020aspartofthecountry'seffortstoboostcreditgrowthbutdeniedthepossibilityofabigstimulus.Theyear-endtone-settingCentralEconomicWorkConferencelastmonthnotedthatthecountryfacesrisingdownwardeconomicpressureamidintertwinedstructural,institutionalandcyclicalproblems,pledgingstrongerpolicymovestokeeptheeconomyonastabletrack.Thecountry'sGDPexpanded6.2percentyearonyearinthefirstthreequartersof2019despitedomesticheadwindsandexternaluncertainties.

 

   2020年,中国将用长征五号火箭择机发射嫦娥五号探测器,实现月面无人采样返回,圆满完成探月工程三步走的总体规划目标。资料图:长征五号遥三火箭成功发射实践二十号卫星。

 

   此外,中国还将实施亚太6D卫星、卫星互联网融合试验星等商业卫星发射,并实施多型装备型号飞行试验任务。PeoplerelaxontheembankmentofariverinMentougoudistrict,Beijing.(ChinaDaily/GaoZhenfa)CPCCentralCommitteesessionlaysoutguidelinesfornavigatingfutureChinawillcontinueonitspathofsustainabledevelopmentbyemphasizingecologicalcultivationtopromoteharmoniouscoexistencebetweenhumansandnature,arecentlyapprovedPartydocumentsaid.InlateOctober,theFourthPlenarySessionofthe19thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaapproveddecisionsupholdingandimprovingsocialismwithChinesecharacteristicsandadvancingthenationalgovernancesystemandgovernancecapacity.Thedecisionsincludedexercisingthestrictestpossibleenvironmentallyrelatedrestraintsandstrengtheningthesystemofaccountability.Theyemphasizedthatthecountrywillstronglysupportthemaximthatlucidwatersandlushmountainsareinvaluableassets."Weshouldpromotehighlyefficientutilizationofresources,improveinstitutionsforecologicalrestorationandconservation,andstrengthentheaccountabilitysystem,"thedocumentsaid.Italsolistedseveralmajortypesofworkthatneedtobestrengthened.Oneistospeedupthecreationofaspatialplanningsystemfornationalterritoryandmapoutareasundertheprincipleofthree"redlines"-ecologicalprotectionareas,permanentfarmlandandurbanboundaries."Thespatialplanningsystemplaysanimportantroleinthecountry'smanagementsystemandwillbecrucialinpromotingtheefficient,fairandhigh-qualityuseoftheterritory,"saidZhangBing,deputydirectoroftheNationalTerritorialSpatialPlanningBureauoftheMinistryofNaturalResources."Thecoreprincipleofthethreeredlinesismakingprotectionapriority,"saidZhang,whoalsoemphasizedthatdevelopmentshouldgivewaytoecologicalconcerns.SunXuedong,deputydirectorofthebureau,saidtheecologicalredlineswillguaranteethattheroleoftheecosystemwillfullyfunctionandareascurrentlyunderprotectionwillremainsoafterredlineadjustments.Hesaid,forexample,thatthepermanentfarmlanddesignationwillbemadeinlightofreasonablelong-termconcernsaboutscaletoguaranteethequalityoffarmlandismaintainedatahighlevel."Ofthethreeredlines,urbanboundarieswillbethemostchallenging,"Sunsaid."Giventheuncertaintiesofthefuture,thelinesshouldbedrawnwithdeepconsiderationforacity'seconomic,socialandculturaldevelopmentinthelong-term.Also,itshouldbepracticalformostregionsofthecountry,whichiseventougher."Zhangsaidthethreeredlineswillnotoverlaporconflict.Andtheywillbepartofanewnationalspatialdatasystem,understrictmanagementandsupervision.Anothermajortasklistedintheplenarysessiondecisionisbuildingamechanismforecosystemprotectionandrecovery.Underthedecision,thecountrywillstrengthenthesustainableuseandprotectionoftheecosystemandbuildasystemofnaturereserves,withnationalparksasamajorcomponent.Also,thedecisionurgedthepromotionofamassivegreeningprojectnationwideandstrengtheningthecontrolandmanagementofdensification-allaimedatprotectingthebiodiversityandecologicalsafetyofthecountry."Asamajorcomponentofthecountry'saimtobuildnaturereserves,theconstructionofnationalparkswillbeatoppriorityinourfuturework,"saidZhangJianlong,headoftheNationalForestryandGrasslandAdministration."Thedecisionsgavespecificguidelinesoncomprehensivelydeepeningreformwithrespecttonaturereserves.TheyaresupportiveofChina'soverallecologicalprotectionworkandwilllayafoundationforoureconomic,aswellassocial,sustainabledevelopment,"hesaid.Overthepastyear,theadministrationhasmadeinspectionsandevaluationsofChina's10pilotnationalparks,whichcovermorethan220,000squarekilometers.TheadministrationurgedthemanagementcommitteefortheparkstosolvesomeexistingproblemsbeforeJune,Zhangsaid.Asthepilotparksreachtheendoftrialsnextyear,theadministrationwillreevaluateallapplicationsandofficiallygrantparkstatustothosethatmeetthestandards.

 

   PresidentXiJinpinghasencouragedChina'sauditofficestoassumetheirdutiesacrosstheboard,carryoutauditsinaccordancewiththelawandrefinetheirinstitutionsandmechanisms.XimadetheremarkinaninstructiontooutstandingauditingunitsandworkerscommendedrecentlybythreePartyandStatedepartments.Xiisheadofthecentralauditingcommittee,anorganformedintheinstitutionalreformofPartyandStatebodiesinMarch2018.Auditoffices,undertheunifiedleadershipoftheCPCCentralCommittee,mustadapttonewdemandsintheneweraandfocuscloselyontheoverallworkofthePartyandtheStateincomprehensivelyassumingtheirduties,Xisaidintheinstruction.HeurgedthemtomakegreatercontributionstothemodernizationofChina'sgovernancesystemanditscapacityforgovernance.HealsocommendedauditofficesforfullyimplementingthedecisionsandplansoftheCPCCentralCommittee,carryingouttheirdutiesinlinewiththelawandconductingtheirworkinaconcreteanddiligentmanner.TheyhaveplayedimportantrolesinensuringthatthedecisionsmadebytheCPCcanbethoroughlycarriedout,helpingtowinthethreecriticalbattlesagainstpotentialrisks,povertyandpollution,andsafeguardingtheorderoffinancialandeconomicaffairs,hesaid.Healsopraisedthemforhelpingtosafeguardandimprovepeople'slivelihoodsandpromotecleangovernance.Themodelworkersandunitswerecommendedrecentlybytheofficeofthecentralauditingcommittee,theMinistryofHumanResourcesandSocialSecurityandtheNationalAuditOffice.PremierLiKeqiangandZhaoLeji,secretaryoftheCentralCommissionforDisciplineInspection,thecountry'stopanti-graftwatchdog,metwithrepresentativesoftheunitsandworkersinBeijingonThursday.LiandZhaoarebothdeputydirectorsofthecentralauditingcommittee.ChinesePremierLiKeqiangandSecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)CentralCommissionforDisciplineInspectionZhaoLeji,bothmembersoftheStandingCommitteeofthePoliticalBureauoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandviceheadsofthecentralauditingcommittee,meetwithrepresentativesofoutstandingunitsandindividualsofthecountry'sauditingorgansinBeijing,capitalofChina,Jan.2,2020.(Xinhua/YaoDawei)PhototakenonMarch13,2018showstheheadquartersofthePeople'sBankofChinainBeijing,capitalofChina.(Xinhua/CaiYang)Initslatestmovetocutthereserverequirements,China'scentralbankhassteppedupeffortstospurtherealeconomyandlowersocialfinancingcosts.ThePeople'sBankofChina(PBOC)announcedonWednesdaytocutthereserverequirementratio(RRR)forfinancialinstitutionsorthelevelofcashthatlendersmustholdasreservesby50basispointsstartingfromJan.6.ThemovewasexpectedtooffsettheliquidityshortageaheadoftheSpringFestival,orChineseLunarNewYear,tokeepoverallliquidityinthebankingsystembasicallystable,anofficialfromthePBOCsaid.Referringtothereductionaspartofthecountry'scounter-cyclicaladjustments,theofficialstressedthatthestanceofprudentmonetarypolicyhasremainedintactandexcludedthepossibilityof"flood-style"stimulus.Theannouncement,"notabigsurprisetomanyonthemarket,"wasmeanttoeasetheliquiditystrainsresultedfromthematuringreversereposandtargetedmedium-termlendingfacilityinJanuary,aswellashighercashdemandaheadoftheholiday,SwissbankinggiantUBSsaidinaresearchnote.ItwasalsoconducivetothescheduledissuanceofspeciallocalgovernmentbondsinJanuaryandFebruary,saidtheUBS.AccordingtothePBOC,theblanketRRRcutwillreleaseabout800billionyuan(around114.6billionU.S.dollars)oflong-termfunds,injectingliquidityandloweringfinancingcostsfortherealeconomy.Withmorethan120billionyuaninlong-termfundstobeunlockedforsmallandmedium-sizedlenders,thecentralbankhasurgedfinancialinstitutionstoincreasesupportforsmall,microandprivatebusinesses.Lastweek,ChinesePremierLiKeqiangpromisedtograntstrongersupporttosmallandmedium-sizedbanksdeliveringdirectservicestosmallandmicro-enterprisesduringaninspectiontourinChengdu,capitalcityofthesouthwesternprovinceofSichuan,sayingthatresearchintotheuseofmultipletoolsincludingtheRRRwillbecarriedout.Thecutalsoechoedthecentralbank'spledgemadeWednesdaymorningduringameetingwhereitvowedtoadvancefinancialsupply-sidestructuralreformforhigh-qualitydevelopmentandguidefinancialinstitutionstostepuploanstotherealeconomy.Whileacknowledgingthepositiveeffectsofthecutonmarketsentiment,AsianfinancialservicegroupNomuraexpectedmoreliquiditytobeunleashedinthefutureasthemovemightnotbesufficienttofillintheliquidityshortageinJanuary.UBSalsoanticipatedanotherRRRcutovertherestof2020aspartofthecountry'seffortstoboostcreditgrowthbutdeniedthepossibilityofabigstimulus.Theyear-endtone-settingCentralEconomicWorkConferencelastmonthnotedthatthecountryfacesrisingdownwardeconomicpressureamidintertwinedstructural,institutionalandcyclicalproblems,pledgingstrongerpolicymovestokeeptheeconomyonastabletrack.Thecountry'sGDPexpanded6.2percentyearonyearinthefirstthreequartersof2019despitedomesticheadwindsandexternaluncertainties.

 

  (环彦博 20200117 环彦博)

信息来源: 湖南日报    责任编辑: 环彦博
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